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WSJ: Teamsters Tell UPS No Drones or Driverless Trucks


Published in the Wall Street Journal, Jan. 24, 2018

The Teamsters union wants to prohibit United Parcel Service Inc. UPS -0.59% from using drones or driverless vehicles to deliver packages.

That was one of the labor union’s initial demands as it kicked off high-stakes contract talks with UPS this week. The Teamsters also want the parcel giant to eliminate late-night deliveries and add another 10,000 workers to the ranks, among other things.

The two sides are starting to negotiate one of the largest collective bargaining agreements in the U.S., which covers around 260,000 UPS employees and expires in July. The International Brotherhood of Teamsters’ National Negotiating Committee this week submitted to UPS an 83-page document updating the prior agreement.

Both sides declined to comment on the specifics of the proposal.

UPS spokesman Steve Gaut said the company is focused on negotiating a contract that provides the company the flexibility required “to remain a highly competitive provider of reliable service,” especially as smaller and new delivery companies encroach on its turf.

The talks are starting amid a changed landscape in the delivery world since the two sides last hammered out an agreement. Over the past five years, online sales have surged, adding extra business for parcel-delivery companies like UPS, FedEx Corp. and the U.S. Postal Service as they deliver billions of packages to homes.

The surge has also been expensive for the companies, as they have spent billions of dollars to add warehouses, “sortation centers” and technology to handle the increasing volume. At the same time, the labor market for warehouse and delivery workers has tightened, forcing wages higher in many cases.

The Teamsters document addresses a number of work rules and conditions. For instance, it wants to ban deliveries after 9 p.m., including during the peak delivery months of November and December when drivers were sometimes delivering packages later into the night. It wants to prohibit UPS from using drones, driverless vehicles and other new technology to transport, deliver or pick up packages.

UPS, like Amazon.com Inc. and others, has been testing drone deliveries and said there are opportunities for new technologies to help reduce costs. In February 2017, the company conducted a test in rural Florida with a drone that delivered a package from the roof of a truck while the driver continued along a route for a separate delivery.

The Teamsters document also pushes for safeguards that allow workers to refuse to work in unsafe conditions and overloaded trucks. “It is the company’s responsibility to hire and maintain a sufficient workforce to service its customers without unreasonably burdening its employees,” the document notes. “Management has consistently failed to fulfill its obligation.”

The proposals represent the starting point for the Teamsters, cobbled together after months of discussions among local unions. The language will be negotiated over the coming months.

“UPS will negotiate in an environment of mutual respect and looks forward to rewarding employees for their contribution to our success,” Mr. Gaut said.

The Teamsters’ opening salvo omits the thornier topics of wages and benefits, which are typically negotiated during the latter stages of the discussions. The union, whose president is James P. Hoffa, replaced its lead UPS negotiator last fall.