Powered Industrial Truck Training

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29 CFR 1910.178

This OSHA standard specifies training requirements that must be complied with if powered industrial trucks (PIT) are used.  This standard was recently revised to spell out the training requirements and time frames involved

Training Program:

A mandated training program that bases the amount and type of training required on:

Training must be a combination of formal instruction (e.g., lecture, discussion, interactive computer learning, videotape, written material), practical training (demonstrations performed by the trainer and practical exercises performed by the trainee), and evaluation of the operator’s performance in the workplace.


The training must be conducted by someone with the knowledge, training and experience to train operators and evaluate their performance.


Evaluations of each operator’s performance are required as part of the initial and refresher training and at least once every 3 years.

Training Content:

The training program must include the following topics unless the employer can prove that the topic is not applicable.

I. PIT-related Topics:

II. Workplace-related Topics:

Refresher Training:

Refresher training is required if: